Inchcolm AbbeyHistory

Inchkeith Island

Inchkeith was the site of a plague colony in 1497, was fortified by English and French troops in the sixteenth century, boasts a Robert Stevenson lighthouse built in 1803, and was used as a strategic defensive base from the Napoleonic Wars through to the First and Second World Wars.

Incholm Island

Inchcolm Abbey dates back to the 12th Century, being founded by King David I after his brother King Alexander I was forced to seek shelter there during a very stormy crossing of the Forth in 1123.  The Abbey remains as one of the best preserved group of monastic buildings in Scotland.

Inchmickery Island

Heavily fortified during both World Wars, in profile the island looks like a battleship at anchor and it has been suggested that this was deliberately used to provide a decoy for enemy submarines.

Inchgarvie Island

A castle was built on the island at some point during the reign of James IV which was later used as a prison and an isolation hospital for victims of the plague in the late 15th century. Foundations for the Forth Rail Bridge were built on the Island in 1883 and it was again fortified during the First World War.

Forth Rail Bridge – Scotland’s Eiffel Tower?

Designed by Sir John Fowler and Sir Benjamin Baker, this Victorian marvel of engineering is considered one of the engineering wonders of the world. Construction was completed in 1890 with the loss of over 70 lives, the youngest being a 13 year old “rivet catcher”!

Forth Road Bridge – Celebrated it’s 50th birthday in 2014

The Forth Road Bridge replaced “The ferry” in 1964 and was the longest in the world outside the USA at that time. In 2001, the bridge was awarded Historic Scotland’s Category A listed status reflecting its importance as an engineering structure.

Blackness Castle – The ship that never sailed 

Built in the 15th century by one of Scotland’s most powerful families, Blackness was a royal castle, garrison fortress and state prison. Countless noblemen were held here during the later Middle Ages.

Bass Rock – A gift from King Malcolm III of Scotland?

Home to a Christian hermit in the 7th century, home of the “Lauder of The Bass” family from the 14th century, prison to the first Covenanters in the late 17th century, boasts a David Stevenson lighthouse built in 1902, and is now home to the largest single-rock gannetry in the world.

Isle of May – Ask about the “Battle of May Island”

Home to one of the earliest Christian churches in Scotland during the 9th century, the first permanently manned lighthouse beacon in the country in 1635 and a Robert Stevenson Gothic lighthouse erected in 1816. During the height of the breeding season, over 200,000 sea birds nest on the island.

Bell Rock – One of the seven wonders of the industrial world?

The Bell Rock Light is located 12 miles offshore and is the world’s oldest surviving sea-washed lighthouse. Completed in 1810 by Robert Stevenson it was built on a partially submerged reef using the latest and most revolutionary construction methods.

 

Taking you beyond the horizon!